Brown’s Ferry 1, 2 and 3

Basic Facts:

  • Location: Athens, Alabama
  • Owner / Operator: Tennessee Valley Authority
  • Construction Cost: $3.9B (2018$)
  • Plant Output: 3,400 MW (combined)
  • Property Size: 840 acres
  • Status: Operational
  • Employees: 1,500
  • Expected Shut Down Date: 2033 – 2036
  • Current DTF Balance: $1.0B (2018$)
  • DTF Balance Prior to Decommissioning: $2.5B (2018$)
  • Decommissioning Cost Estimate: $2.1B (2018$)
  • Spent Nuclear Fuel on Site: 2,221 metric tons
Browns Ferry Photo


The Brown’s Ferry nuclear site consists of three General Electric boiling water reactors. Construction began in 1966 with operations commencing in 1974. At the time of operations, Brown’s Ferry was the world’s largest operating plant.

In 2006, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission renewed the licenses for all three reactors, extending their licensed operation for an additional twenty years with shutdown anticipated as follows: Unit 1 (2033), Unit 2 (2034) and Unit 3 (2036).


The Brown’s Ferry nuclear power plant is located within Limestone County, Alabama. As of 2016:

  • Population: 95,000
  • Per Capita Annual Income: $38,000
  • Unemployment rate (not seasonally adjusted): 3.6%

The Brown’s Ferry nuclear power plant employs 1,500 workers who receive an annual payroll of $93M. Limestone County receives approximately $8M annually as payments in lieu of taxes from TVA.

Contact Information

Economic Development Administration Representative:

Economic Development District

University Center

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Unless specific costing information has been provided, decommissioning costs were derived from 2017 Decommissioning Funding Status Report.
Information herein obtained from public sources. Corrections are welcome and may be directed to [email protected].

Additional Information

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(802) 345-7044




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